Peter Railton: Alienation, Consequentialism, and the Demands of Morality

Peter Railton’s article on alienation and consequentialism seems to me to share something of Doug Portmore’s consequentializing project.  I will briefly explain how I see that. Railton proposes taking two views of consequentialism: subjective consequentialism and objective consequentialism.  Subjective consequentialism … Read More

Jonathan Dancy: Moral Particularism

In his SEP article presenting moral particularism, Jonathan Dancy defended particularism against “absolute” and “contributory” moral generalism.  Absolute moral generalism claims that a moral principle is “a universal claim to the effect that all actions of a certain type are … Read More

Gilbert Harmon: Moral Particularism and Transduction

Gilbert Harmon considered two theories on the grounding of moral decisions, moral particularism and moral generalism.  Moral generalism holds that moral truths originate from general moral principles, or that reasonable or justified moral decisions are grounded in general moral principles.  … Read More

Douglas Portmore: Consequentializing Moral Theories

Douglas Portmore presented an intricate argument designed to preserve the “deeply compelling” theory of act-utilitarianism from its counter-intuitive implications.  In my view his argument falls short; in trying to avoid the counter-intuitive arguments against act-utilitarianism, he wrongly abandoned the central … Read More

Lawrence Becker: Impartiality and Ethical Theory

Lawrence Becker briefly considered three distinct problem areas in a modern moral philosophy that argues for an impersonal perspective detached from “self-interest, privileged personal relationships, the demands of the moment, and a … first person point of view” (698.) The … Read More

Howard McGary on Friedman and Impartiality

In “Friedman on Impartiality and Practicality,” Howard McGary responded to a few of Friedman’s points on the impracticality of impartiality.  He responded briefly in three points. In his first point, McGary challenges one of Friedman’s reading of an impartialist position, … Read More

Marilyn Friedman on the Impracticality of Impartiality

In her article “The Impracticality of Impartiality,” Marilyn Friedman challenged those who advocate that for moral evaluation one should “achieve an unbiased, or impartial, standpoint” (645.)  Her view is that there are no independent criteria by which one may know … Read More

Marilyn Friedman on Impartiality (part 2)

In “Practice of Partiality,” Friedman wrote in three sections; this is a comment on the second, entitled “Partiality and Inadequate Resources.” In this section Friedman engages the impact of partial relationships in social environments of high resource inequality.  Social norms … Read More

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